Narrative Theories

VLADMIR PROPP

Russian Critic and literary theorist.

He thins that it’s possible to classify the characters and their actions into clearly defined roles and functions.

Films such as Star Wars fit his model perfectly but a significant number of other films, such as Pulp Fiction, do not. The model is useful as it highlights the similarities between seemingly different stories.

 

PROPP’S CHARACTER ROLES

HERO: SEEKS SOMETHING

VILLAIN: OPPOSES HERO

DONOR: HELPS HERO BY PROVIDING OBJECT

DISPATCHER: SENDS HERO ON THEIR WAY

HELPER: SUPPORTS HERO

PRINCESS: REWARD FOR THE HERO, NEEDS PROTECTION FROM THE VILLAIN

 

 

TZVETAN TODOROV

EQUILIBRIUM —- DISEQUILIBRIUM —- NEW EQUILIBRIUM

 

ROLAND BARTHES

ACTION: Narrative device in which a resolution is found through action.                       Like a fight.

ENIGMA: Narrative device that teases audience with a puzzle to find the                        resolution.

SYMBOLIC: (Connotation)

SEMIC: (Denotation)

CULTURAL: Narrative device that the audience can recognise as a culture.

 

CLAUDE LEVI-STRAUSS

BINARY OPPOSITIONS

HOMESTEADERS     –     NATIVES

CHRISTIANS     –     PAGANS

DOMESTIC     –     SAVAGE

WEAK     –     STRONG

 

 

 

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Target Audience

I believe that our movie genre would be more liked by fashion people, specifically trendies, stylers and hipsters. As Film Noirs are very classy and trendy at times, people who are more into sport and action movies might not enjoy them as much, although some hardcore viewers could enjoy it because it contains guns, violence and alcohol consumption.

Pearl and Dean

On the Pearl and Dean website, they categorize various types of audiences based on age, gender, whether they go to the cinema with the family and their class systems. On their graphs it shows that the 55+ age group is by far the one that “visits” the cinema more often. They also clearly show that when in case of a family movie, it is more often the mother who brings the kids to the cinema.
I think that considering that we chose Film Noir as our genre, we should try and make our film be suitable for both older audience and younger. Generally I would think of older people wanting to watch a film noir but there have been more recent film noir movies that had a huge success, such as Inception and Sin City.

Good Opening Scenes – Inspiration!

– Apocalypse Now, Francis Ford Coppola
– 8 ½, Federico Fellini
– La Dolce Vita, Federico Fellini
– 2001: A Space Odyssey, Stanley Kubrick
– Pulp Fiction, Quentin Tarantino
– Inglorious Basterds, Quentin Tarantino
– The Shining, Stanley Kubrick
– Clockwork Orange, Stanley Kubrick
It is really hard to state the characteristics for a good opening scene, in my opinion, there aren’t any. All scenes can be incredible if filmed well and performed well by actors, the music is key to set the mood e.g. The Shining, in some cases, suspense is the key factor e.g. Inglorious Basterds. Sometimes directors take the risk, and attempt to create a mind-blowing start of a film e.g. 2001: A Space Odyssey, it is a risk because in the case of the audience not perceiving it the way the director wanted, this could cause their loss of interest for the rest of the film. Although in case of success, it produces something hardly reachable for anyone else.

Producer, Distributor, Exhibit

Producer – e.g – Heyday Films

Distribution – e.g – Warner Brothers

Display – VUE, Odeon, Cineworld +Independents

 

I chose these because they are well reputed companies with good track records. Their names have been put next to some very good films and thy fit our genre and audience.

WB
DISTRIBUTOR/STUDIO – WARNER BROTHERS
Odeon
Display – VUE, Odeon, Cineworld +Independents
Heyday_02
Producer – HEYDAY FILMS